: It's an unassuming rock, greenish in colour, and just over 4cm in its longest dimension. And yet this little piece of sandstone holds important clues to all our futures. It was recovered from muds in the deep ocean, far off the coast of modern-day West Antarctica.
: The scientists who found it say it shouldn't really have been there.
: It's what's called a dropstone, a piece of ice-rafted debris.
: It was scraped off the White Continent by a glacier, carried a certain distance in this flowing ice, and then exported and discarded offshore by an iceberg.
: What's remarkable about this particular cobble is that researchers can say where it originated.
: Using the latest "geo-fingerprinting" techniques, they've established with strong confidence that it comes from the Ellsworth Mountains - some 1,300km from where the rock was pulled up from the floor of the Amundsen Sea by a drilling ship.
: I really thought that was interesting.
: Let's pair it with Laura Allen (SCIENCE NEWS FOR STUDENTS)::
: Many green algae are made of single cells. They tend to spend much of their day soaking up sunlight, turning it into energy. These swimming plankton appear plant-like. Unless, that is, one gobbles up a nearby bacterial cell. Now it has become an animal-like predator.
: When ecologist Eunsoo Kim first witnessed this back in 2013, she was shocked. Until then, she and other scientists had thought the sun provided all the energy green algae need. They are green, in fact, because they contain chlorophyll. Just as in plants, these algae use chlorophyll to derive energy from the sun through photosynthesis.
: But seeing some algal cells dine on bacteria upended this worldview. Now, Kim and her team at the American Museum of Natural History in New York City show that the first bacteria-eating algae they found were hardly unique. They have turned up five more oceanic species that do the same thing.
: Kim’s group shared its latest findings March 2 in The ISME Journal. The journal specializes in microbial ecology.
: Some green algae “combine both a plant-like lifestyle, through photosynthesis, and an animal-like lifestyle, through predation,” explains Sophie Charvet. “These special algae can swallow whole bacteria and digest them.” Charvet is a postdoctoral scientist who helped carry out the new experiments.
: We noted SCIENCE NEWS FOR STUDENTS earlier this week. Laura has two kids and is trying to foster an interest in science in both of her children. So she asked to tell April thank you for passing that on.
"Iraq snapshot" (THE COMMON ILLS):
Wednesday, April 28, 2021. The failure of the Iraqi government continues to garner attention following Saturday's hospital fire in Baghdad, an Australian man is being held in a prison with no reasons for his arrest being provided, and much more.
In a desperate attempt to stop protests following the fire at Ibn al-Khatib Hospital in Baghdad on Saturday, Iraq's Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi had declared three days of official mourning. It may have caused some to cease protesting but protests have taken place this week and they continue to take place such as in Basra today. ANADOLU AGENCY reports:
Hundreds of Iraqi workers shut the main headquarters of the Electric Power Production and Transmission Company in the southern city of Basra on Wednesday in protest of delaying their salaries.
Protesters say the company has refused to pay employees with temporary contracts for the past six months.
Demonstrators prevented employees from entering the building and threatened to stage an open-ended sit-in in front of the company if they were not paid, according to eyewitnesses.
The hospital fire has yet again exposed the corruption in Iraq. At least 82 people died with 110 more left injured is the official count from the Iraqi government. The official count. The actual number may be much higher. Sura Ali (RUDAW) reported earlier this week:
The death toll of a massive fire that ripped through Baghdad’s Ibn
al-Khatib Hospital Saturday night has risen to around 130, according to
Iraq’s human rights commission.
A report released following a fact-finding mission by the government-funded Iraqi High Commission for Human Rights reports a higher number of casualties than the government’s previous toll, on Sunday, of 82 deaths. It notes that many of the bodies have yet to be identified due to being burned beyond recognition.
Regardless of the number, this is on the government of Iraq which is supposed to protect the people. It hasn't protected them. It hasn't protected protester, it hasn't protected widows, it hasn't protected anyone. This is part of the corruption -- a direct result of the corruption in Iraq.
This wasn't ''Oh, how sad a fire resulted in all of these deaths." This is not just a tragedy, it is an injustice because it could have been easily prevented had the government followed written safety measures. This is a governmental failure and the Iraqi people are expressing outrage. Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi came to power in May of last year. Like all of the post-2003-invasion prime ministers, he pledged to end corruption. He did not. And now the same interests involved in the corruption that led to the loss of so many lives in Saturday's fire? Mustafa needs their support if he's to remain prime minister after this year's election. Julia Marnen (NEWSWEEK) notes:
A deadly fire raged Saturday at the Ibn al-Khatib hospital's coronavirus ward in Baghdad, Iraq, where medical officials said the building was a firetrap with safety shortcomings such as blocked emergency exits and broken fire extinguishers, the Associated Press reported.
[. . .]
Doctors have warned of widespread mismanagement in Iraq's hospitals, citing concerns over safety rules, particularly regarding oxygen cylinders, and a lack of smoke detectors, according to AP.
Samer said if a fire safety system was in place, lives would have been saved.
The Iraqi people have every right to be outraged, the government is not representing the Iraqi people and it is ot protecting their interests. One of Iraq's militias, The Hezbollah Brigade, is demanding the government resign. To try to protect his own position, Mustafa has publicly insisted that the blame falls on health officials. He forgets to note that the blame falls on him. He's been in office for 11 months (May 7th, 2020 he became prime minister). He is the head of the government, the buck stops with him. He can try to push it off on underlings but why were the issues not addressed by the government once Mustafa became prime minister? He was informed of this problem on two occasions -- one by health administrator in June of last year and again by two doctors in November of last year. Real concerns were expressed directly to him. Why didn't he act?
The deaths are an injustice and the blame goes to the government -- the one that Mustafa is the head of. Shame on him for trying to push the blame off on others.
Staying on the subject of government's not serving their own citizens, Robert Pether. We noted him in yesterday's snapshot.. Steve Jackson (THE AUSTRALIAN) explained, "An Australian father of three has been able to speak to his family for the first since he was seized by Iraqi police and thrown in prison three weeks ago after being tricked into attending a fake business meeting with one of the country’s leading institutions." Today, Christopher Knaus (GUARDIAN) reports:
Mechanical engineer Robert Pether, 46, was arrested in Baghdad roughly three weeks ago, after travelling to Iraq from Dubai to attempt to restart work on the construction of a new headquarters for the Central Bank of Iraq.
After roughly four years of work, the project became mired in a contractual dispute between Pether’s employer and the bank.
Pether, originally from Sydney, was invited to Iraq for a “meeting” by the bank, which indicated the dispute was over and the work could be resumed.
His wife Desree Pether, speaking from Ireland, said the bank was, in fact, laying a trap.
“He and his colleague had their suits on and got arrested immediately,” she told the Guardian. “There never was any resolution and there was never any meeting scheduled. It was trap.”
Her husband has been thrown into an Iraqi prison. They have limited any contact she can have wth her husband. She reaches out to the Australian government -- which hasn't even issued a statement publicly. Brittany Chain (DAILY MAIL) reports:
Ms Pether has sought answers from the Australian embassy, but claims she has been told she is not authorised to liaise on his behalf.
'They have no idea how to help him,' she said.
'They just keep repeating that they can't discuss the case with me without consent from my husband. There is no support for me at all.'
Daily Mail Australia understands consular staff are not able to communicate with family and friends unless they are a nominated contact. But Ms Pether claims given she is the one who reported his arrest, and that her husband has been so hard to contact, she should be informed of any updates.
She is his spouse, that alone makes her the nominated contact. This is beyond ridiculous, it is beyond a bad policy or practice. This is an example of a government failing the people it is supposed to represent.
Public pleading is what Robert's family and friends have to resort to because the Australian government is not doing anything. Desree and Robert live in Ireland. The Irish government has done much more for Robert than his own country has. THE JOE FINNEGAN SHOW Tweets:
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- Why'd you do it, John, why?
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